Management Plan

The Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park is managed for conservation of biological diversity and associated cultural heritage, conservation of ecosystem services such as water supply and for its recreational values. Hence under the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Protected Area Categories, it is a Category II site. Management is guided by a ten year management plan prepared by the site’s manager, the Jamaica Conservation and Development Trust (JCDT) using a participatory process and approved by the Natural Resources Conservation Authority (NRCA). The management plan follows national and international recommendations with respect to the information included and the programmes implemented.

The first Management Plan for the BJCMNP was prepared in 1993 when the National Park was first designated. The current Management Plan is for the period 2011 – 2016 and is based on an evaluation of the 2005 – 2010 Plan. In general, programme goals remain the same with specific objectives being set every five years to aid in achieving the longer term goals and over-arching goal, mission and vision for the Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park.

Currently, the new Plan for 2017 to 2027 is awaiting approval by the NRCA. There are seven management programmes each with its own goal and objectives and strategies aimed at addressing the root causes of the threats impacting the values of the National Park.

Programmes & Strategies Root Causes of Threats Addressed
Natural Heritage Conservation
e.g. Invasive Species Control
Insufficient “Conservation on the Ground” – need to more actively protect nature
Climate Change
Cultural Heritage Preservation
e.g. Inventory of Sites and artefacts, promoting cultural heritage
Inadequate Cultural Heritage Preservation
Limited Environmentally Sustainable Income-Generating Activities
Enforcement & Compliance
e.g. patrols, interpretive enforcement, signs
Inadequate Enforcement
Unclear Boundaries
Public Education and Outreach
e.g. skills training for local community members, school presentations
Insufficient Environmental Education
Limited Environmentally Sustainable Income-Generating Activities
Recreation & Tourism
e.g. operating Holywell and the Peak Trail/ Portland Gap; facilitating sustainable community tourism around the Park
Inadequate Resources & Management
Limited Environmentally Sustainable Income-Generating Activities
Monitoring & Evaluation
e.g. stream and photo-monitoring
Inadequate Resources & Management – need to assess and improve management effectiveness
Governance & Administration
e.g. Advisory and Co-management Committees; fundraising and financial management
Inadequate Resources & Management
Conflicting Policies between agencies and insufficient support of conservation initiatives – need to promote collaboration and coordination

Natural Heritage Conservation Programme

Natural Heritage Conservation


To maintain and enhance the remaining area of closed and disturbed broadleaf forest and protect the plant and animal species that exist in the Blue and John Crow Mountains.

Cultural Heritage Conservation Programme

Cultural Heritage Conservation Programme


To preserve the tangible and intangible cultural heritage associated with the Blue and John Crow Mountains in particular that of the Windward Maroons.

Enforcement and Compliance Programme

Enforcement and Compliance Programme


To stop encroachment of the BJCMNP boundary and destruction of forest and wildlife within.

Public Education and Outreach Programme

Public Education And Outreach Programme


To raise public support for conservation of the BJCMNP’s natural and cultural heritage and improve resource management and the sustainability of livelihoods, particularly in Buffer Zone communities.

Recreation and Tourism Programme

Recreation And Tourism Programme


To provide recreational opportunities for local and international visitors, using ecotourism principles to generate income and support for the BJCMNP.

Strategic Approach:

A national park is designated as such partly to provide recreational opportunities to present and future generations, and, therefore, the areas zoned for recreational use must be managed in a manner that is not damaging to the park’s resources.

In addition, recreational use by resident and non-resident visitors will be geared towards garnering support for park management by:

  1. Income generation - directly through entry and user fees, concessions, merchandise etc.,
  2. Donations in cash or kind
  3. Provision of educational opportunities
  4. Employment and income generating opportunities for local community members, thus encouraging their support for park management and conservation.

Key Activities

  1. Implement the Blue Mountains Sustainable Tourism Programme designed to market the National Park’s recreation areas along with local attractions and accommodations through tours and packages, using a system that will generate support for the National Park’s conservation and sustainable development of its Communitiy Buffer Zone.
  2. Improve business planning, development and management, inclusive marketing of the Park’s recreational areas and related Buffer Zone opportunities.
  3. Provide quality interpretive opportunities and materials e.g. signs and exhibits for recreational areas.
  4. Increase visitor spend by providing opportunities for purchase of products and services.

Monitoring: Income/Expenditure statements, visitor statistics and questionnaires, community research.


Budget: 2017/18
Recurrent: J$12.7 million (US$98,007)
Capital: JA$36 million (US$278,577)

10 Year Budget: (2017 - 2027)
Recurrent: JA$184 million (US$1.3 million)
Capital: J$168 million (US$1.3 million)

Some aspects of Cultural Heritage Conservation covered here.

Monitoring and Evaluation Programme

Monitoring And Evaluation Programme


To track and record both the threats and the changes to ecosystem health so that it is possible to assess whether or not the BJCMNP is achieving its overarching conservation goal.

Governance and Administration Programme

Governance And Administration Programme


To provide efficient, effective and sustained management that will allow the BJCMNP to meet its mission and goals.

JCDT | Protecting & Preserving Our Future

The JCDT appreciates the involvement and support of our Partners, Donors and Sponsors
  • NEPA
  • Forestry Department
  • Jamaica National Heritage Trust
  • Environmental Foundation of Jamaica
  • Forest Conservation Trust
  • Pear Tree Press
  • Jamaica energy Partners